Fundamental Rights of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities and Persons with Mental Health Problems

John Evans, a member of the Advisory Board of ENIL, represented ENIL and its project ECCL (the European Coalition for Community Living) in the project ‘Fundamental Rights of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities and Persons with Mental Health Problems’, launched by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency in 2009 and completed in 2012.

The project aimed to improve understanding how the fundamental rights of persons with mental health problems and persons with intellectual disabilities are safeguarded in the EU and where violations of rights occur. It consisted of legal and social research.

The focus of legal research was on the national and international legal framework, and it was implemented by FRA’s Network of Legal Experts (FRALEX). The first report to come out of this was ‘The Rights of People with Mental Health Problems and Intellectual Disabilities to Take Part in Politics’. The report is available at: http://fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/attachments/FRA-2011-Legal-protection-persons-mental-health-problems-report_EN.pdf

The focus of social research, which involved primary data collection in 9 EU countries (UK, France, Germany, Sweden, Latvia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece), was on independent living, the situation in residential institutions, legal capacity and access to justice. The two reports that came out of this research were: ‘Involuntary placement and involuntary treatment of persons with mental health problems’ and ‘Choice and control: the right to independent living’. Both reports are available at: http://fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/research/publications/publications_en.htm

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